SRF ROADMAP ON THE WAY FORWARD

الجبهة الثورية تعلن استعدادها لوقف عدائيات لاغراض انسانية لمدة ستة شهور وتشترط لذلك

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SRF ROADMAP ON THE WAY FORWARD
September 14, 2015
a. Acknowledging the Kauda Declaration of 2011, the Restructuring Program
of the State of Sudan of 2012, the New Dawn Charter of 2013, the Paris
Declaration of 2014, the Sudan Call Declaration of 2014, and the Berlin
Declaration of 2015;
b. Recalling all relevant resolutions of the United Nations Security Council
(UNSC) and African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) related to
the resolution of the conflicts in Sudan, including, but not limited to, UNSC
Resolutions 1593, 1769, and 2046, and AUPSC Resolutions 456, 516, and
539;
c. Recognizing that Sudan faces a critical juncture in its history, as attempted
piecemeal solutions have failed to unite the country and bring a peaceful
resolution to the conflicts;
d. Deeply conscious that conflicts engulf Sudan from Darfur to Southern
Kordofan/Nuba Mountains to Blue Nile and other parts of Sudan,
widespread and systematic human rights violations continue to take place
throughout Sudan, over six million Sudanese people have been displaced
from their homes, the economy has been devastated by government
corruption and mismanagement, and government support for, and harboring
of, terrorists has led to the isolation of the country;
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e. Emphasizing the need to cease the crimes against humanity, war crimes,
Genocide, and killing of civilians in the war-affected areas, to provide the
necessary protection and security to civilians to stop the aerial
bombardment, and to alleviate the humanitarian crisis in Sudan through the
immediate provision of unhindered humanitarian access and aid to waraffected
populations;
f. Recalling the indiscriminate killing of peaceful demonstrators in September
2013 that resulted in the deaths of hundreds of youth, women, and children
and injured hundreds of others, and emphasizing the need to hold the
perpetrators accountable for their actions;
g. Emphasizing that there can be no military solution to the conflicts in Sudan
because the conflicts are fundamentally political in nature, and therefore
only political settlements can bring lasting and sustainable peace to Sudan;
h. Remaining determined that for Sudan to achieve lasting peace and stability
and to ensure all the citizens of Sudan enjoy equal status under the law,
Sudanese political settlements must focus on the question of how Sudan
shall be governed, not on the question of who shall govern Sudan;
i. Expressing its commitment to engage in good faith with all Sudanese
stakeholders, regional actors, and the international community to work
together towards a comprehensive political settlement of the conflicts and
the creation of a durable peace for all of Sudan;
j. Reaffirming its commitment to negotiate in good faith a peaceful settlement
of the conflicts in Sudan that will bring real change to the governance of the
country;
k. Calling upon the Government of Sudan to engage in peace negotiations and
an inclusive National Constitutional Dialogue process in good faith to reach
a peaceful and comprehensive political settlement to the conflicts in Sudan;
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l. Resolving that a comprehensive and inclusive National Constitutional
Dialogue that allows for freedom of participation and expression is the best
means for achieving a comprehensive peaceful settlement for Sudan;
m. Emphasizing the need to create a conducive, enabling environment for
negotiations and the National Constitutional Dialogue;
n. Declaring its readiness to stop the wars in Sudan through a Cessation of
Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes to create a conducive environment
that will enable the commencement of peace negotiations and the National
Constitutional Dialogue; and
o. Reiterating the importance of the timely commencement of an inclusive
National Constitutional Dialogue process through preparatory meetings of
all Sudanese stakeholders, under the auspices of the AUHIP in Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia, to address all procedural aspects of the National Constitutional
Dialogue.
The Sudan Revolutionary Front, seeking to advance its goal of a peaceful and
comprehensive political settlement of the conflicts in Sudan, adopts the following
roadmap to peace:
1) Framework for the Implementation of AUPSC Resolution 539
a) The SRF expresses its commitment to the implementation of African Union
Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) Resolution 539 and previous AUPSC
Resolutions on the conflicts in Sudan, which serve as the basis for this
roadmap;
b) The SRF calls upon the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to endorse
the unanimously adopted AUPSC Resolution 539;
c) The SRF further calls upon regional and international partners, particularly
IGAD, South Sudan, Chad, Nigeria, Egypt, South Africa, Algeria, the
United Nations, the Troika, the European Union, France, and Germany, to
work together to support and reinforce the work of the AUHIP and
implement and enforce AUPSC Resolution 539; and
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d) The SRF respectfully requests that Russia and China support the African
Union’s efforts for positive peaceful settlement of the conflicts in Sudan,
and particularly support the consensus demonstrated through AUPSC
Resolution 539.
2) Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes
a) Objectives
The SRF supports the immediate conclusion of an agreement on Cessation
of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes in furtherance of the following
objectives:
i. To protect the civilian population from aerial bombardment and
military and hostile attacks;
ii. To provide unhindered and unimpeded humanitarian access to waraffected
populations; and
iii. To create a conducive environment for a peaceful negotiated political
settlement and a comprehensive and inclusive National Constitutional
Dialogue to end the conflicts in Sudan.
b) Principles
The principles underlying the Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian
Purposes are as follows:
i. To confirm the commitment of the Parties to respect and implement
all UNSC and AUPSC Resolutions concluded for the purposes of
stopping the war and ending the conflicts;
ii. To ensure unhindered humanitarian access throughout the conflict
areas in Sudan;
iii. To promote the full respect for human rights and humanitarian law,
including freedom of movement for all civilians;
iv. To support efforts to create a conducive environment for the
successful completion of the peace talks;
v. To serve as an initial confidence-building measure that will lead
eventually to a permanent ceasefire by addressing the root causes of
the conflict; and
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vi. To create an enabling environment for the commencement of an
inclusive National Constitutional Dialogue.

c) Entry Into Force
The Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes should enter into
force, and the parties should immediately cease hostilities, starting from the
signature of the Agreement.
d) Definition of Parties
There will be two parties to the Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian
Purposes.
i. The first party is the SRF, including its component groups, and the
Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes will apply to all
forces under its control.
ii. The second party is the Government of Sudan, and the Cessation of
Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes will apply to the regular forces
and militias under its control, including other militarized groups under
its control, such as, but not limited to, the Janjaweed, Border Guards,
Rapid Support Forces, Popular Defense Forces, Central Reserve
Police, and Border Intelligence.
e) Control Over Forces
The parties must ensure that all armed groups under their control comply
with the agreement on Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes.
f) Geographic Scope
The Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes will apply
throughout the Blue Nile, South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains, Darfur, and
Kordofan.
g) Prohibited Activities
The agreement on Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes should
identify specific prohibited activities that will apply upon entry into force of
the agreement.
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h) Humanitarian Access
The Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes should:
i. Create conditions favorable to supplying emergency relief and provide
security guarantees for safe, unhindered access by humanitarian
agencies to vulnerable groups; and
ii. Secure and provide free passage and unimpeded access for
humanitarian personnel in accordance with international best
practices.
i) Monitoring and Verification
The Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes should establish a
High Joint Committee on Humanitarian Cessation of Hostilities, comprised
of the parties to the conflict, the African Union, and other UN organizations,
as well as UNAMID (Darfur) and UNISFA (Two Areas) as regional
monitoring bodies. This Committee will be responsible for monitoring and
verifying the implementation of the agreement, including monitoring the
delivery of humanitarian aid and monitoring compliance with the prohibited
activities set forth in the agreement.
j) Confidence-Building Measures For Cessation of Hostilities
The following confidence building measures should be applied throughout
Sudan:
i. The Government of Sudan should immediately release political
prisoners and detainees, and the two parties should immediately invite
the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to organize the
exchange of prisoners of war (POWs).
ii. The parties should agree to end the use of hostile media and
propaganda immediately upon the signing of a negotiated Cessation of
Hostilities or Humanitarian Purposes.
iii. The Government of Sudan should immediately abrogate all laws that
tamper with the Interim National Constitution of 2005 and violate
fundamental freedoms and human rights.
iv. The Government of Sudan should immediately lift censorship on
media and allow free speech and expression and guarantee equal
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access to the publicly owned media to all political parties and civil
society organizations.
v. The SRF should have the right to freely and legally operate as a
political organization throughout Sudan immediately upon signing the
agreement on Cessation of Hostilities for Humanitarian Purposes.
3) Negotiations on The Root Causes and Consequences of Conflict
The SRF is committed to resolving the root causes of the conflict and its
consequences through negotiations that address the particularities of Darfur and the
Two Areas, in accordance with AUPSC Resolution 539.
4) Preparatory Meeting for National Constitutional Dialogue
The SRF strongly supports conducting a preparatory meeting for the National
Dialogue in Addis Ababa, in accordance with AUPSC Resolution 539, for all
stakeholders to establish frameworks, modalities, and procedures for a credible,
transparent, inclusive, and comprehensive national constitutional dialogue.
To further ensure the creation of an authentic, transparent, inclusive, free, and fair
national constitutional dialogue, the SRF resolves that the preparatory meeting
agenda should prioritize discussions for determining:
a) An agenda and topics for discussion for the National Constitutional
Dialogue;
b) Venues for the National Constitutional Dialogue;
c) Participant selection guidelines and mechanisms;
d) Rules of procedure and conduct;
e) Facilitators and observers;
f) Public outreach and media access;
g) Timeframe;
h) Financial and logistical support;
i) Guarantees and implementation mechanisms;
j) Organizational and governance structures for the dialogue, including the
structure of coordination or conciliation committees, working groups, and
internal leadership structures.
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5) Confidence Building Measures
To create the conditions and space necessary to facilitate the broader peace
process, the Government of Sudan and the SRF must commit to the following
confidence building measures:
a) The Government of Sudan should immediately release political prisoners
and detainees, and the two parties should immediately invite the ICRC to
organize the exchange of POWs;
b) The Government of Sudan should immediately abrogate all laws that tamper
with the Interim National Constitution of 2005 and violate fundamental
freedoms and human rights;
c) The Government of Sudan should immediately lift censorship on media and
allow free speech and expression and guarantee equal access to the publicly
owned media to all political parties and civil society organizations;
d) The Government of Sudan should immediately undertake to guarantee the
right of political parties and movements to communicate with their
constituencies in public places;
e) The Government of Sudan should lift the State of Emergency in a timely
manner following the negotiation of a Cessation of Hostilities;
f) The parties should formally agree to guarantee unimpeded humanitarian
access to all conflict zones and civilians affected by the conflict upon the
signing of a negotiated Cessation of Hostilities;
g) The parties should agree to end the use of hostile media and propaganda
immediately upon the signing of a negotiated Cessation of Hostilities;
h) The SRF should have the right to freely and legally operate as a political
organization throughout Sudan immediately upon signing the agreement on
Cessation of Hostilities;
i) The Government of Sudan should announce its formal commitment to the
outcomes of the National Constitutional Dialogue and the negotiations,
including a Transitional National Government arrangement;
j) The parties to the preparatory meetings must commit to include all
stakeholders in the National Constitutional Dialogue; and
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k) The SRF, to support the creation of a conducive environment for a
comprehensive peaceful settlement and the National Constitutional
Dialogue, will work with other armed movements and groups to join the
process of comprehensive peaceful settlement and National Constitutional
Dialogue.
6) National Constitutional Dialogue
The SRF reiterates its unwavering commitment to the National Constitutional
Dialogue as a means of resolving the Sudanese national problems. The SRF’s
commitment is contingent on the outcome of the preparatory meeting of the
National Constitutional Dialogue, in accordance with AUPSC Resolution 539.
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Malik Agar
Chairman of the Sudan Revolutionary Front

الثورية تتمسك بمساري التفاوض في المنطقتين ودارفور وتفصل في شروط وقف العدائيات والاجتماع التحضيري
استعرضها : عمار عوض
وافقت الجبهة الثورية على الدخول في وقف عدائيات مع الحكومة السودانية لمدة ستة شهور لأغراض حماية المدنيين؛ توفير المساعدات الإنسانية دون عوائق للمتضررين وخلق بيئة مواتية لعملية السلام والحوار الوطني الدستوري وذلك بعد اجتماعات استمرت لايام في باريس شارك فيها عدد من المبعوثين الدوليين من امريكا وبريطانيا وفرنسا والاتحاد الاوربي.
واحتوت خارطة الطريق التي وقع عليها رئيس الجبهة الثورية مالك عقار بعدة متطلبات للدخول في وقف العدائيات للاغراض الانسانية بحسب البيان حيز التنفيذ في أن تتوقف جميع الاطراف على الفور عن أعمال القتال بعد التوقيع على الاتفاق المقترح منها وان يكون طرفا وقف العدائيات ممثلة في الجبهة الثورية بما فيها جميع الحركات المنضوية تحت لؤاها كطرف اول والحكومة السودانية كطرف ثاني ويشمل هذا الطرف القوات المسلحة والمليشيات المرتبطة بها مثل جماعات الجنجويد وقوات الدعم السريع والاحتياطي المركزي وحرس الحدود وقوات الشرطة ونصت خارطة الطريق على ان يضمن الطرفان السيطرة على قواتهم مع اتفاق وقف العدائيات للاغراض الانسانية على ان يشمل النطاق الجغرافي لوقف العدائيات جنوب كردفان والنيل الازرق ودارفور وان يتيح الطرفين الفرصة لنجاح وقف العدائيات للاغراض الانسانيه هذا بتهيئة الظروف المناسبة لوصول المساعدات الانسانية ودون عوائق وتوغير حرية الحركة والمرور لوكالات الاغاثة الانسانية للوصول الى المتضررين في مناطق الصراع وفقا للقواعد الدولية
وطالبت خارطة الطريق لوقف الأعمال العدائية للأغراض إنسانية بإنشاء لجنة عليا مشتركة للاشراف على مراقبة تنفيذ وقف العدائيات تتالف من أطراف النزاع، والاتحاد الأفريقي، ومنظمات الأمم المتحدة الأخرى،وكذلك يوناميد (دارفور) ويونيسفا في ابيي وتكون هذه اللجنة مسؤولة عن رصد والتحقق من تنفيذ الاتفاق، بما في ذلك رصدإيصال المساعدات الإنسانية ورصد امتثال كل طرف لعدم القيام بالاعمال المحظورة والتي تهدد وقف العدائيات
ومن جهة اخرى قالت الجبهة الثورية انها مستعدة للدخول في عملية سلام شاملة وبحسن نيه تحت قرار مجلس الامن 2046 وقرار مجلس السلم والامن الافريقي 539 وطالبت مجلس الامن الدولي باعتماد قرار مجلس السلم والامن الافريقي وطالبت بوجود دور لدول الترويكا وخاصة دول إيغاد، جنوب السودان، تشاد، نيجيريا ومصر وجنوب أفريقيا والجزائر والأمم المتحدة والاتحاد الأوروبي وفرنسا، وألمانيا.
وطالبت الجبهة الثورية للدخول في العملية السلمية بتطبيق تدابير لبناء الثقة تتمثل في ان تفرج حكومة السودان على الاسرى والمعتقلين وعلى الطرفين دعوة اللجنة الدولية للصليب الأحمر (ICRC) لتنظيم تبادل أسرى الحرب كما ينبغي أن يتفق الطرفان على وضع حد لاستخدام وسائل الإعلام بشكل معادي فور التوقيع وقف الاعمال العدائية اضافة الى ان تقوم حكومة حكومة السودان بالالغاء الفوري للقوانين التي تتعارض مع حقوق الانسان وتنتهك الدستور في جانب الحريات الاساسية في دستور 2005 فورا كما يجب على حكومة السودان رفع الرقابة على الفور لوسائل الإعلام والسماح بحرية التعبير وضمان المساواة في الوصول إلى وسائل الإعلام المملوكة للقطاع العام لجميع الأطراف السياسية والمدنية.
كما طالبت خارطة الطريق ان تعلن حكومة السودان التزامها الرسمي بنتائج الحوار الوطني الدستوري ونتائج المفاوضات الثنائية في مساري دارفور وجنوب كردفان بما في ذلك الترتيبات المتعلقة بالحكومة الوطنية الانتقالية التي تنتج عن الحوار والمفاوضات .
كما طالبت الخريطة فور التوقيع على وقف العدائيات السماح للجبهة الثورية بالعمل بحرية في ربوع السودان المحتلفة دون قيد او شرط كما اوضحت خارطة الطريق للجبهة الثورية انها ملتزمة بالاستمرار في المفاوضات لوجود حلول جزرية لمناطق الصراع عبر مساري دارفور وجنوب كردفان والنيل الازرق وفقا للقرار 539.
وجددت الجبهة الثورية تمسكها بالاحتماع التحضيري للحوار الوطني الدستوري في اديس ابابا وان جدول الأعمال ينبغي ان يعطي الاولوية لتحديد جدول الأعمال والمواضيع المطروحة للنقاش الدستوري الوطني وتحديد أماكن انعقاد الحوار الوطني الدستوري؛ والمبادئ التوجيهية للحوار وآليات اختيار المشاركين في الحوار والنظام الداخلي لاجراء الحوار وتحديد هوية الميسرين والمراقبين له ؛ والقيام بعمليات توعية عامة وحرية الوصول إلى جميع الوسائط الاعلامية لهذا الغرض مع ضرورة تحديد اطار زمني للحوار وسبل الدعم المالي واللوجستي لذلك مع توضيح انواع الضمانات وآليات التنفيذ للحوار ؛ مع رسم الهياكل التظيمية للحوار، بما في ذلك هيكل التنسيق واللجان التوفيقية ومجموعات العمل وهياكل القيادة الداخلية.
وقالت الجبهة الثورية انها تنطلق في موقفها هذا من مقررات (كاودا) ووثيقة (الفجر الجديد ) واعلان باريس واعلان برلين ومقررات نداء السودان مع الاخذ في الاعتبار قرارات مجلس الامن رقم 2046 وقرار مجلس السلم والامن الافريقي رقم 539 الاخير في اديس ابابا .

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