By Mahmoud A. Suleiman
This article comes on the backdrop of the meeting for which Mohamed Ibn Chambas the new joint peace mediator extended to the armed rebel groups to engage separate direct talks to end the 10-year conflict in Darfur. Political analysts indicate that the Arusha Meeting is nothing but a foregone conclusion. The meeting is called for at a time when the main Darfuri rebels, Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), Sudan Liberation Army/ Movement Minni Arko Minnawi (SLA/M MM) and Sudan Liberation Army/ Movement Abdel Wahid (SLA/M AW) have joined the Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF) jointly with Sudan People’s Liberation Army – North ( SPLA-N). Moreover, their declared aim is to overthrow the National Congress Party (NCP) regime with the view to facilitate reaching comprehensive solutions to the Sudanese issues. Then follows the application of the democratic alternative, which agreed by the Sudanese people and conforms to the clauses in the (SRF)’s Charter of New Dawn (CND) and consistent with positions of most of the Sudanese opposition actors. To make the matter worse, (SLA/M AW) declined the attendance indicating that the invitation should have been in the name of the rebel alliance (SRF) which includes Sudan Liberation Movement – North.
The defects that associated with the call for the Arusha in northern Tanzania meeting from the political perspective include the following:
• the defunct Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) as a subject for exploring the views of the Darfuri rebel groups
• attempt of the joint peace mediator to isolate the Darfuri rebels from the (SRF)
• the futility of thinking in the idea of renegotiating with the NCP regime that never honoured previous peace agreements in Abéché and N’djamena in Chard, Abuja in Nigeria and Doha in the state of Qatar, during the ten year tragedy of the people of Sudan in Darfur
• UNAMID has more urgent job to fulfill to keep peace and security for the civilian population in Darfur and to protect its own members from the atrocious assaults of the NCP regime’s military and allied militias.
• Arusha meeting is not aiming at comprehensive process for peace in all the parts of the country. It is pointless to opt for the piecemeal peace that would benefit neither Darfur nor other parts of Sudan where the NCP continues waging war in South Kordofan, Blue Nile, Eastern Sudan and the far Northern region.
• The NCP regime continues to wage proxy wars through tribal fighting in the all the Darfur states as an extension of the crime of genocide while the international community is watching and blaming the armed movements instead. The genocidal Khartoum government has involved the tribe as a lethal weapon to enter the line of conflict and confrontation. It is in pursuant to the policy of divide and rule, following the policy of exclusion and containment to make a crack in the positive relationship between the components of the various tribes and the fragmentation of the social fabric and the rift of the eternal social relations that existed for centuries.
• The suffering of the people of Darfur continues ten years under the discriminate aerial bombardment of civilian populations by the NCP government air ships without a creation of a no-fly zone over the region, akin to other conflict countries, despite repeated demands and talk about it
• In spite of the arrest warrant issued by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in 2009 and 2010, the Génocidaire NCP president Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir remains at large travelling freely unapprehend and without objection by the African Union (AU)
• This National Islamic Front (NIF)/ (NCP) regime creates crises all over the remaining part of Sudan for prolonging its survival in power and through keeping the components of the Sudanese people preoccupied with their trivial differences; this besides the policy of the regime of settling foreigners from the neighbouring countries in the land belonging to the indigenous Sudanese people
• The question that presents itself for an answer states: Does it make sense to negotiate with a regime torturing prisoners of war (POWs) and political prisoners and kill in cold blood innocent unarmed civilians based on racism, contempt and false ethnocentric supremacy?
• Therefore, the Arusha meeting will not be more than Public Relations Exercise or an experimenter workout and is not likely to make any breakthrough in addressing the crisis in Darfur and let alone for Sudan. It is just a Foregone conclusion! There is no solution remains to the resolution to the issues of Sudan without uprooting the stinking Focus, the NCP regime, by all the available means including pairing peaceful civil protests with armed force provided by the (SRF).
Dr. Mahmoud A. Suleiman is the Deputy Chairman of the General Congress for Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org