Sudan Government’s Political Conditions in the Addis Ababa Peace Talks Block the Agreement on the Humanitarian Cessation of Hostilities for the Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile
On an invitation from the AUHIP, the SPLM-N had direct negotiations with the Sudan government from April 23 to April 26, 2013. The AUHIP proposed three agendas for the talks: a) the humanitarian situation; b) the security arrangement; and c) the political arrangement. The SPLM-N committed itself to discuss these three agendas, but made it very clear that the three agendas should not come as a package and the humanitarian cessation of hostilities should be treated as a matter of urgency and a priority, and putting any political conditions to deny access for humanitarian assistance contradicts international humanitarian law and, moreover, constitutes a war crime. The SPLM-N submitted a proposal of an agreement on humanitarian access and a cessation of hostilities for South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile states. In response to the first item on the agenda, the National Congress also submitted a draft proposal for the final resolution and settlement of the conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, and it clearly linked the humanitarian process and conditioned it on the final issues of resolving the conflict. It is a clear politicization of the humanitarian operation which contradicts international humanitarian law and prolongs the suffering of the civilian populations and puts them at the mercy of the final settlement of the conflict. That will enable the National Congress to buy time, continuing its policy of denying access and using food as a weapon for political gain, which again, is a war crime. The SPLM-N wants to reaffirm its commitment to (1) the peaceful settlement of the conflict; (2) implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 2046 and the subsequent African Union resolutions and to negotiate the political issues on the basis of the June 28, 2011 Agreement; (3) its readiness for an agreement on humanitarian access and an immediate cessation of hostilities; and (4) to continue negotiating the security and political arrangement without allowing that to block the humanitarian operations.
Chairperson of the SPLM-N Negotiating Team
April 27, 2013